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The Eu-Uk Withdrawal Agreement Explained

The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly exit from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union. The EU withdrawal agreement is a legally binding document. It contains conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU of more than 500 pages, including the first agreements on citizens` rights, the UK`s financial commitments to the EU and the Northern Ireland Protocol, which establish provisions for maintaining an open border on the island of Ireland. The withdrawal agreement was adopted by the European Council on 19 October 2019 in its final form, which was confirmed in the declaration that a political agreement had been reached and that the United Kingdom had reached an agreement with the European Union in accordance with Article 50, paragraph 2, of the Treaty on European Union. The withdrawal agreement also includes a protocol on the UK`s basic sovereign territories in Cyprus and a protocol on Gibraltar, which provides for the specific issues raised by the UK`s withdrawal from the EU with regard to Gibraltar. The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.

[29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes associated with them. Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41).