The European Patent Office (EPO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) have signed a three-year cooperation agreement. The partnership aims to “improve the procedural framework of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) to increase patent use. In addition, cooperation also focuses on improving the quality and effectiveness of the patenting process, including patent classification and search, as well as improving access to patent information. A patent issued by the EPO (a “European patent”) does not in itself confer European-wide patent protection. On the contrary, the European patent must be validated separately in each country where the applicant wishes to obtain patent protection. Broad European protection on the basis of a European patent will be possible when the agreement on a unified patent court comes into force. Protection outside Europe is also possible through extension or validation agreements between the European Patent Organisation and partner states. For more information on these extension and validation statements, please visit the EPO website. (ii) the applicant or, if there are two or more applicants, is a natural or legal person who is, within the meaning of Rule 18, a national and a resident of a state in which a validation agreement with the European Patent Organisation is in force. From November 2019, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro have entered into extension agreements with the EPO, so that these states can in fact be designated in a European patent application. Several other “enlargement countries” are now parties to the EPC. In addition, since 1 March 2015, 1 November 2015, 1 December 2017 and.dem 1 March 2018, “validation agreements” have also been in force with Morocco, Moldova, Tunisia and Cambodia.
      Another validation agreement was signed with Georgia on October 31, 2019. This agreement has not been in force since 2 October 2020.  Over the course of the CBE`s history, some non-signatory states have entered into cooperation agreements with the European Patent Organization, which are known as extension or validation agreements. These states then became “enlargement states” or “validation countries”, meaning that European patents issued by the EPO can be extended to these countries through the payment of additional taxes and the completion of certain formalities.